Super cropping, as well as LST. I prefer not to top, as it takes additional veg time. The trick is to keep the plant “on schedule” and not delay flowering.
A combination of above, and defoliation will really improve yields. I supercropped the same strain, comparable in size, I got approximately 20g more from the supercropped plant. It definitely was not scientific, but in my opinion it does improve yields for indoor growing specifically.
The best way to think about maximizing yields on an indoor grow, is to expose the canopy to as much light as you can. Flattening the canopy, to maximize light penetration and intensity will give best results, even if you choose a different training method that involves a longer veg time.
Short veg times will always “out yield” anything based on longer veg time, because you can get another grow cycle in a year.
When I was looking for a light for a specific application I did a few average PPFD calculations.
These are the numbers from PPFD charts in a 4’ reflective enclosure covering the center 3x3 square at
12" avg PPFD - 1197
22" avg. PPFD - 752 which is 63% for only ten inches.
I am with @The_Chef my favorite is some form of manifold. Aesthetically I like the form and, because of the form, growth is very evenly divided between the two sides.
Believe me, there is a Nebula Manifold under there somewhere
Im so stoned…I read the title and start traveling back in time…
“Favorite training method? Aw man, I do miss jumping out of OH WAIT ,OOOPS. ”
Outdoors, I like to top. The top the main cola early,and then at my discretion do the side branches. The tomato cages do a good job combined with bamboo stakes.
Indoors-I have done mainling before. I know, sounds like sniffing something off a strippers…HEY! But yes,tedious-but with an indoor op I can see the validity/efficiency in it. But ya gotta have the time and patience to do it right.