WRONG time of year to plant outside…in the Northern Hemisphere.
Sunlight is signaling the end of summer—growing season and the plants are racing to complete their seeding before it’s winter.
Best to do: put under lights 18+ if possible 5+ hours of daylight would be a good thing, then bring indoors for the rest. Pain in the ass, but sun works wonders.
Think about starting a summer crop around april…depending on your latitude…then they will be up and growing good by the time it gets warm nuff to grow outdoors.
I have read posts stating big time growers start indoor grows 3 months ahead of warm weather.
That really puts them in a good position to have big bushy plants to go outdoors all summer.