Any decent soil for fruits and vegetables will probably work fine, but the soil alone might not be enough to supply everything the plant will need its entire life-cycle, and you might want to add perlite to the soil for better drainage.
CFL or T5 fluorescent lights are often the easiest for most people to start with. But HID lights are actually more efficient for the amount of electricity they use compared to the amount of light they put out, and the prices for a decent set up are getting very affordable, but dealing with the heat might be an issue, however, high output fluorescent lights and LED lights can put out some decent heat themselves. I personally prefer LED, but it will take more research and effort to get a good deal on LEDs, but in the end they are the most efficient on your electric bill and generally create the least heat, which is also gentler on your electric bill by not having to spend as much operating as much in fans to get rid of excessive heat.
White widow is a great hardy durable strain with a great yield, often recommended for beginners.